Czechoslovakian fortification system / Československé opevnění

Czechoslovakian Fortesses Between Years 1935-1938

In 1933 Adolf Hitler won the elections in Germany. The young Czechoslovakia had to secure its borders against a surprise German attack. There were two concepts how to do it. The first one -build large mobile army, and the second one -build border fortersses. The first one had a big disadvantage. Czechoslovakia was too small to build a mobile army powerful enough to stop the bigger German army. However the second one also had disadvantages. If the fort line was broken, there wouldn't be enough strength to stop the enemy units entering Czechoslovakia. The second one won in the end, because the fortresses were built with an idea, that they could stop the enemy as long as alied forces (France and Great Britain) entered the war with an attack against Germany from the west.

Czech engineers were influenced by the French Maginot Line (the Maginot Line was a system of French border fortresses, which was building from the early thirties to the begining of WWII), so the first types of the Czechoslovakian fortresses look much like the French types. There were two main types of the forts - light and heavy (blockhouses).

Light forts   Heavy forts - blockhouses   Museums of Czechoslovakian fortresses   Photos   Links

Photos of polish fortifications

N-82 "Brezinka"

photo of N-82
Virtual tour through infantry Blockhouse N-S-82 "Brezinka" is available here

Special thanks to Jason Long, Pavel Moc, Pavel Šajnar and Martina Dvořáková
Ladislav Růžička
Czech Republic